Jakarta has been called a study in contrasts : traditional
and modern ; rich and poor ; spiritual and worldly stand side by side in this
bustling metropolis. Among the 8 million people who call Jakarta
home, one finds representatives of the many diverse ethnic and cultural groups
which shape Indonesia,
a reminder of the nation's motto : "Unity in Diversity". You may have
to search high and low in this multi-cultural collage to find one of the proud
ethnic Jakartans, called "Orang Betawi". Their language, Betawi
Malay, has two variations, conventional Betawi Malay, spoken by elder people
born and bred in Jakarta,
and modern Jakarta Malay, a slang form spoken by the younger generation and
Jakarta is the port of entry for many tourists and business
people. It is home to a dynamic contrast between Western - style skyscrapers,
modern urban life-styles and traditional Indonesian culture. Its rapid growth
into a metropolitan city reflects the economic, political, social and
industrial development of the nation. In recent years, Jakarta has expanded its facilities for
visitors with luxury hotels, fine restaurants, exciting night life and modern
shopping centers. It contains many tourist attractions such as Taman Mini
Indonesia Indah (Beautiful Indonesia in MiniaturePark), restored colonial period
buildings, islands resorts in the Pulau Seribu ( Thousand
Islands ), and an extensive beach recreation complex called Ancol.
nation's capital, Jakarta,
has a remarkable history. Its history as a trading center started as a small
harbor town called Sunda Kelapa, but its actual founding dates back to the year
1527, when it was named Jayakarta by Fatahillah of the neighboring Sultanate of
Banten. The name Jayakarta means City of great Victory. During the 17th century
it served as the capital of the Dutch East Indies with the name Batavia.
of this period can still be seen today in the architecture of some of the
northern parts of the city. When Indonesian independence was finally secured it
was renamed Jakarta,
and serves today as the center of government, business and industry, spreading
over an area of more than 650 sq.km (410 sq miles ). Jakarta's architecture reflects the history
of outside influences which came and left their mark on this vital seaport
city. The Taman Fatahillah Restoration Project, begun in the early 1970's, has
restored one of the oldest sections of Jakarta,
known as Old Batavia or Kota,
to one of the most picturesque areas of the entire city. An Old Portuguese
Church and warehouse have been reincarnated as living museums. The Old Supreme
Court Building is now the National Museum of Fine Arts and houses part of the
superb Chinese porcelain collection of former Vice-President Adam Malik. The OldTown Hall
has become the JakartaMuseum, displaying such
rare items as old Indonesians historical documents and Dutch period furniture.
Even the city's tower clock was returned to England to be repaired under its
lifetime guarantee, a lifetime which has now stretched over hundreds of years !
Indonesia's main gateway, Jakarta's SoekarnoHattaInternationalAirport is the central transportation
hub of Indonesia.
It serves a growing number of international airlines and is the nexus point for
domestic flights across the vast expanse of the archipelago. Local transport in
all forms within the city is readily available.
province of West
Java is located in the Island of Java.
Java is part of the Greater Sunda group of islands which consists of Sumatra,
Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Java as the main
islands. It is in this region where a majority of the Indonesian population
lives. And it is also in this region where the main economic activities of Indonesia are
province of West
Java with Bandung
as the capital city came into existence on July 14,1950, under law Number 11 of
1950. The province
of West Java today
comprise 26 level II regions, which are divided into 20 districts and 6
municipalities. West Java is, geographically,
divided into 3 (three) parts, ie. the Northern, Central and Southern parts of West Java. The Southern part of West
Java is an upland strip / plateau that stretches from Ujung Kulon
(Pandeglang) to Nusa Kambangan (the South coast plain of Ciamis).
a means of transportation, the road network in South West Java has nearly all
been asphalted. To increase and facilitate access to the flow of goods and
people as well as to support tourism potential, the Southern road network is
under construction to connect each district, from Labuhan at the west end to
Pangandaran in the east. The network is 605 km in length and has several
bridges over the rivers that flow in to the IndonesiaOcean.
province combines many of the most important Industrial Zones in Indonesia and also has the exteded recreation
areas along the western coast of Java and in the south the UjungKulonNational Park and the
mountainous areas which are home to the Baduy people. An endless variety!
has the easiest access to Jakarta
being merely an enclave in this province. This province uses its own unique
culture and language, both called Sundanese which is also used to call its
people. The ancient kingdoms of Tarumanegara, Pajajaran, Banten and Cirebon
would make interesting studies for the student of archaeology Cirebon is
located on the border between West and Central Java, having a mixed culture
originating from the ancient Cirebon and Banten kingdoms, resulting in similar
customs and dialects of the two people, although the city of Banten is located
at the extreme western part of the province.
city of Banten on BantenBay
was one of the first palces to begin trade with the Dutch. There is little to
see of the past glories of this area today with the exception of the Grand
Mosque which was completed in the year 1599 and is certaily worth a visit.
Province has a great number of attractions, from the wildlife reserve of Ujung
Kulon on the south-western tip of Java and the isolated communities of the
mysterious Baduy to the unspoiled beaches. The villages are busy and attractive
and the pace of life gets slower as you move towards the National Park in the
any point along the western coast you can see the "son of Krakatoa"
volcano which rises impressively from the sea. To hire a boat to go there will
cost about $150 and the journey takes about five hours. It has a number of sea
resorts on its western coast which have modern hotels and are popular during
weekends and holiudays.
offers many different recreational experiences. The trip to the Anyer area from
Jakarta is now quick and easy because of the
toll road which connects the port of Merak with Jakarta.
As you move further south along the west Java coast the lifestyle becomes more
relaxed and after Labuan you move into more
rural areas where the road conditions worsen and the lifstyle is relaxed. Here
access to the forest areas begins and you can move back in time and enjoy the
peace of nature. There is a bus each day from Labuan
to Taman Jaya which is on the edge of the Ujung Kulon national park. There
simple cabins can be hired and a ranger can then take you on a walk into the
park. It takes about six hours to reach a camping site. Food is not readily
available so take some with you from Matahari in Labuan! This is the cheapest
way to get into the National Park. Boats from and of the west coast ports will
also take you into the park often using the islands of Panaitan, Peucan and
Handeuleum where accommodation is also available. Contact us through our email
contact below for more information on ths park or proceed directl;y to the park
office at Labuhan.
is the city that never sleeps. As a business and cultural city, Solo's night
life has never appeared to cease. At night, people usually enjoy the
traditional food of Liwet rice along with a cup of tea, in the Keprabon, an
area in Yogyakarta where locals usually gather for traditional meals.
tradition has also been passed through generations. With the two Sultanates in
the city, Kasunanan and Mangkunegaran, Solo's cultural values have grown among
the younger generation. Local government of the city has always nurtured ritual
traditions, such as Maleman Sriwedari (celebrations welcoming the fasting month
for the Moslems) , Kirab Pusaka (ritual of cleaning up inherited traditional
swords), Grebeg Maulud and the Sekatenan (both celebrations of Prophet
Mohammad's birth), Tourists in Yogyakarta wishing to see the Ramayana dance at
Prambanan temple, can join travel and tour packages offered by tour operators
in Yogyakarta, through hotels all over the city. Tickets can be purchased
individually from hotels and tour operators in Yogyakarta.
should seek and confirm the show schedules first, before making the trip. As
for the transportation to Prambanan, the temple's officials have provided
shuttle buses with the price of Rp 15.000 ( US 2 ) one way, which is a cheap
and comfortable option, rather than taking public transport.
in the shadow of the aptly named "Fire Mountain", (2914 meter-high
active volcano, Mt.Merapi), is the seat of the once mighty Javanese Empire of
Mataram, Ngayogyakarto Hadiningrat.Yogyakarta (Yogya) came into being in 1755,
when a land dispute split the power of Mataram into the Sultanates of
Yogyakarta and Surakarta (solo). Prince Mangkubumi built Kraton of Yogyakarta
and created one of the most powerful Javanese states ever. The Kraton is still
the hub of Yogyakarta's traditional life and despite the advance of the
refinement which has been the hallmark of its art and people for centuries.
is one of the supreme cultural centers of Java. Full Gamelan orchestras keep
alive the rhythms the past, classical Javanese dances entrance with visions of
beauty and poise, shadows come to life in the stories of the Wayang kulit and a
myriad of traditional visual art forms keep locals and visitors alike
spell-bound. Yogya has an extraordinary life force and charm which seldom fails
Contemporary art has also grown in the fertile soil of Yogyakarta's
sophisticated cultural society. ASRI, the Academy of Fine Arts, is the centre
of the arts in the region and Yogyakarta has given its name to an important
school of modern painting in Indonesia, best illustrated by the renowned
impressionist, the late Affandi.
The province is one of the most densely populated areas of Indonesia. It
stretches from the slopes of mighty Mount Merapi in the North to the wave -
swept beaches of the powerful Indian Ocean to the South.
of the Majapahit Empire's former glory still stands in East Java. Nevertheless,
East Java has a variety of attractions, ranging from temple sites to unspoiled
beaches, stunning volcanoes, extra ordinary highland lakes, resplendent marine
parks and fantastic wildlife reserves. Magnificent mountain scenery includes
the crater and legendary sea of sand at Mount Bromo, the "sulphur
mountain" of Welirang and rugged Ijen Plateau. The island of Madura,
famous for its bull races, is also part of the province and has its own
traditions, culture and language.The provincial capital, Surabaya is second in
size, population, and commerce only to Jakarta. It is also the most
industrialized province in the nation with a strong economy based on
agriculture, (coffee, mangoes and apples), fisheries and oil. The province is
efficiently connected to the rest of Java by good roads, regular trains, and
air services between Surabaya and other major cities in the country including
Denpasar on Bali, which is only half an hour's flight away.